Adoption Cannot Be Reformed

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Ashley Albert
Amy Mulzer


Five years ago, co-author Ashley Albert surrendered her parental rights to her two youngest children to the State of Washington. She shares her story of ostensibly "voluntary" surrender, which was anything but voluntary. This Article goes on to address the practice of permanently severing the legal bonds between a parent and a child, then the State's "replacement" of those bonds with new ones via formalized adoption. It informs readers of the historical background behind modern adoption, argues that adoption must be addressed separately from the family regulation system, and describes the specific harms caused by adoption today. 

Author Biographies

Ashley Albert, Repeal ASFA

Ashley Albert is an activist and advocate in Burien, WA, where she resides with her oldest son. She is a member of the steering committee for the Repeal ASFA campaign, a board member of the Pacific Northwest Alternative Peer Group, and a member of the Birth Parent National Network. 

Amy Mulzer, Brooklyn Defender Services

Amy Mulzer is a senior staff attorney for law and appeals in the Family Defense Practice at Brooklyn Defender Services. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Albert, A., & Mulzer, A. (2022). Adoption Cannot Be Reformed. Columbia Journal of Race and Law, 12(1).

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