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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission does not include the author's name or affiliation.
  • Any acknowledgments are redacted from the submission for the purpose of review, but are included in Comments to the Editors.
  • The author has permission to publish any images submitted.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  • The submission file is in a Microsoft Word document.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the author guidelines for manuscripts or in the guidelines for book reviews.
  • The author grants to the Journal the authority to publish the article as an Open Access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons “Attribution, NonCommercial, NoDerivatives” license (CC BY-NC-ND).

Author information.

For the purposes of double-blind review, please submit your manuscript without information that might signal your identity or affiliation (including acknowledgments). If you do have acknowledgments, please put them in the Comments for the Editors field in the submission form.



Please submit your manuscript using a Unicode font such Times New Roman. Most diacritics are easily attained on Macs with a Unicode font using the U.S. Extended keyboard. 



Please provide an abstract of about 200 words to be placed in preamble to your article.


Source citations

Sources should be cited in full at first mention, with shortened references thereafter. A complete bibliography must also be provided. In general, the format of citations follows The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition; see the table below for examples.


Initial footnote reference:

Subsequent footnote reference:





M. I. Finley, The Ancient Economy, 2nd ed. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985), 1.

Finley, Ancient Economy, 1.

Finley, M. I. The Ancient Economy. 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

S. Wild, ed., The Qur’an as Text (Leiden: Brill, 1995).

Wild, Qur’an as Text.

Wild, S., ed. The Qur’an as Text. Leiden: Brill, 1995.

Ibn Qutayba, al-Maʿārif, ed. Tharwat ʿUkāsha, 4th ed. (Cairo: Dār al-Maʿārif, 1981), 2.

Ibn Qutayba, al-Maʿārif, 2.

Ibn Qutayba. Al-Maʿārif. Edited by Tharwat ʿUkāsha. 4th ed. Cairo: Dār al-Maʿārif, 1981.

Muṣṭafā Ṣādiq al-Rāfiʿī, Taʾrīkh ādāb al-ʿarab, ed. ʿAbd Allāh al-Minshāwī and Mahdī al-Baḥqīrī (1911; repr., Cairo: al-Īmān, n.d.), 1:13–19.

al-Rāfiʿī, Taʾrīkh ādāb alʿarab, 1:13–19.

al-Rāfiʿī, Muṣṭafā Ṣādiq. Taʾrīkh ādāb al-ʿarab. Edited by ʿAbd Allāh al-Minshāwī and Mahdī al-Baḥqīrī. 1911. Reprint, Cairo: al-Īmān, n.d.




C. Décobert, “Notule sur le patrimonialisme omeyyade,” in Umayyad Legacies, ed. A. Borrut and P. Cobb, 213–54 (Leiden: Brill, 2010), 241–42.

Décobert, “Notule,” 241–42.

Décobert, C. “Notule sur le patrimonialisme omeyyade.” In Umayyad Legacies, edited by A. Borrut and P. Cobb, 213–54. Leiden: Brill, 2010.




B. Lewis, “Ottoman Observers of Ottoman Decline,” Islamic Studies 1, no. 1 (1962): 71–87, at 79–81.

Lewis, “Ottoman Observers,” 79–81.

Lewis, B. “Ottoman Observers of Ottoman Decline.” Islamic Studies 1, no. 1 (1962): 71–87.

M. Abū Nāḍir, “Mā jadwā iʿādat taʾrīkh al-adab alʿarabī bi-manhaj taqlīdī?,” al-Ḥayāt, August 21, 2015.

Abū Nāḍir, “Mā jadwā.”

Abū Nāḍir, M. “Mā jadwā iʿādat taʾrīkh al-adab al-ʿarabī bi-manhaj taqlīdī?” Al-Ḥayāt, August 21, 2015.




R. Foote, “Umayyad Markets and Manufacturing: Evidence for a Commercialized and Industrializing Economy in Early Islamic Bilād al-Shām” (PhD diss., Harvard University, 1999), 182–83.

Foote, “Umayyad Markets,” 182–83.

Foote, R. “Umayyad Markets and Manufacturing: Evidence for a Commercialized and Industrializing Economy in Early Islamic Bilād alShām.” PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1999.




M. Bonner, “The Ridda in East Arabian Perspective,” paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, Denver, November 24, 2015.

Bonner, “Ridda in East Arabian Perspective.”

Bonner, M. “The Ridda in East Arabian Perspective.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, Denver, November 24, 2015.



― Author and editor names can be abbreviated to spaced initials and last name

― Journal titles and publisher names are spelled out in full

― Book series names, total volume counts, and journal issue numbers (as opposed to volume numbers) need not be given

― Naming the first-listed city of publication is enough

Foreign-language references use the same format, but their titles are capitalized according to the conventions of the particular language. Transliterated titles are capitalized in sentence style (i.e., with capitals only for the first word and any proper names, as well as for any word after an initial Kitāb). However, transliterated words that appear in the titles of published books or articles are capitalized according to the rules for the language of the book or article. The initial article al- in names is retained throughout and not capitalized (al-Dhahabī, not Dhahabī or Al-Dhahabī).



Arabic transliterations should follow the transliteration system of the International Journal of Middle East Studies (see IJMES TransliterationChart and IJMES Translation and Transliterations Guide), with limited elisions. Examples:

umma, not ummah

ʿarabiyya, not ʿarabīyah

― Abū al-Walīd, not Abū l-Walīd or Abū’l-Walīd

― wa-l-, bi-l-, li-l-

Use half-ring characters, not apostrophes, for ʿayn (ʿ) and hamza (ʾ).


Further format details

― Numbers are generally spelled out in words up to one hundred

― Dates should appear consistently within each submission, either in CE or AH/CE with dual year ranges shown thus: 41–132/661–750

― Number ranges are condensed per The Chicago Manual of Style: 100–101, 101–2, 111– 12, 122–23; do not use “f.”

― Quotations longer than sixty words should be displayed as separate paragraphs, indented on the left

― Subheadings within the text are set in bold, left-justified, capitalized in headline style, and not italicized



American spelling (rather than British) is used, especially for the transliteration of geographic names. French manuscripts are also accepted. 



Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce photographs or line art from the copyright owner and for paying any fees associated with image use. Documentation of permission should be submitted to the editors as soon as possible after the article is accepted for publication and no later than the proofs phase of production.


Artwork submission

Low-resolution images are acceptable for initial consideration, with the expectation that authors will provide high-resolution TIFFs or JPEGs (at least 300 dpi at 4 x 6 inches) and secure all necessary permissions if the article is accepted for publication. Photographs should be sent as color or grayscale at 300 dpi at the size they are to be printed. Line drawings (black and white without gray) should be sent as bitmaps at 1,200 dpi. Each image should be clearly labeled and have a corresponding caption that provides identifying information and appropriate image credits.


Book Review Guidelines

The editors request that reviewers observe the following guidelines:

All reviews should include the following two elements:
Brief summary (often somewhat longer for non-English books). Please synthesize and clearly represent the book’s salient features (e.g., subject, thesis, sources, methodology, argumentation) rather than narrating its contents chapter by chapter.
Critical evaluation. Identify the book’s positive contributions to the field as well as any noteworthy weaknesses that affect the validity of its conclusions or its general usefulness.

If reviewing an edited volume, please indicate the unifying theme and argument, if any, and evaluate its success in addressing the same. It will normally be most practical to summarize and evaluate select articles rather than treating all those included in a particular volume.
Reviewers should seek to be fair and sincere in their assessments, restricting the scope of their critical evaluation to the book under review. The editors recognize that there a great many ways to write an effective book review, and welcome all contributions that observe these considerations.

The online, open-access format of al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā permits us to print extensive, in-depth reviews. In general, reviews tend to run between 1000 and 3000 words, but may be longer. The editors reserve the right to require that the length of reviews be changed by their authors.

Reviews should adopt the following format:


1. Bibliographical Information

For a monograph:
Olivia Remie Constable. Trade and Traders in Muslim Spain: The commercial realignment of the Iberian peninsula, 900–1500. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, Fourth series, 24 (Cambridge; New York; Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1994). ISBN 0-521-43075-5. xxv+320 pp. $59.95 cloth; $29.95 paper.

For an edited volume:
Gouverner en Islam (xe–xve siècle): textes et documents. Edited by Sylvie Denoix and Anne-Marie Eddé. Bibliothèque historique des pays d’Islam, 7. Textes et documents d’histoire médiévale, 11 (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2015). ISBN 978-2-85944-894-3. 352 pp. €20 paper.

For a multi-volume edited work:
al-Samhūdī, ʿAlī b. ʿAbdallāh. Wafāʾ al-Wafā bi-akhbār Dār al-Muṣṭafā. Edited by Qasim Al-Samarrai. 5 vols (London: Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation, 2001). ISBN 978-1-78814-725-5. 2615 pp. £150 cloth.


2. Reviewer Information


Institution [if any]

Location [only if there exists more than one institution of this name]

E-mail address


3. Text of Review


Additional details

Please provide the names of all authors and editors rather than using et al. Reproduce personal names exactly as they appear on the title page. When personal names are given in both Roman and non-Roman scripts, use the given Roman-script spelling rather than transliterating. Titles, however, should be transliterated following IJMES conventions. Place of publication should be given according to English usage (e.g., Damascus rather than Dimashq, Damas, etc.).

When quoting or alluding to specific passages of the book under review, indicate the page number in the body of the text using parentheses, as follows:

The author states, “Most Umayyad caliphs made their capital in Damascus” (p. 44).


When referring to other books and articles, please give full publication information in footnotes, following The Chicago Manual of Style (see http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html).

Please transliterate rather than using non-Roman scripts. Transliteration of Middle Eastern languages should follow IJMES conventions (see https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies/information/author-resources/ijmes-translation-and-transliteration-guide).


Negative Reviews

As a matter of policy, in the case of strongly negative reviews the editors will request a second opinion from a member of the journal’s board or an outside authority. If you believe that your review matches this description, please mention this to the editor. The publication of negative reviews may be delayed as a result of this policy.


Submission Procedure

All reviews should be submitted as a Microsoft Word Document (.doc or .docx). In addition, please include a version in Portable Document Format (.pdf) that has been checked to ensure that all elements (diacritics, font, etc.) display as intended.

The editors of al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā reserve the right to make editorial changes to all book reviews, to request alterations from reviewers, and to make final decisions concerning publication.