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Background: Cancer is the third leading cause of death in Kenya. With inadequate and unevenly distributed cancer diagnoses, management facilities and equipment, Kenya’s capacity to diagnose and manage cancer remains limited. Knowledge translation, or the application of existing knowledge to drive changes in policy and practice, could lead to dramatic improvements in Kenya’s capacity to manage cancer.
Methods: This perspective review explores the relevance of knowledge translation to cancer control in Kenya as described in the Kenya National Cancer Control Strategy. We explore the history of cancer control and knowledge translation in Kenya, and compare and contrast the circumstances in Kenya with knowledge translation for global health developed in Canada.
Results: We uncovered a need for further development of knowledge translation in Kenya such that national cancer control goals may be achieved.
Conclusion: Sustained and integrated development of knowledge translation in Kenya, championed by local leaders and supported by strong international partnerships, could dramatically reduce global health inequities related to cancer control and prevention.