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The objective of this study was to estimate undernutrition determinants among under-five children in Ethiopia. Multiple logistic regression was computed to estimate explanatory variables. P-value < 0.05, 95% CI and odds ratio (OR) were considered. The analysis was done using SPSS, version 24. There was an association between distances from the borders and out of the borders with height for age Z score (P-value <0.05), but not associated with weight for height Z score (P value=0.18), and weight for age Z score (P value=0.16). Education of mother (P-value < 0.05), nutrition status of mothers (P-value <0.05), the wealth index of the households (P-value <0.05), employment status of mothers (P-value <0.05), place of residence (P-value < 0.05), age of the child (P-value <0.05), birth intervals (P-value < 0.05) and breastfeeding (P-value <0.05), were determinant factors for the stunting of children. Wealth index, region and place of residence, age of the child, the size of the child at birth, nutrition and employment status of the mothers, a birth interval of the child, and breastfeeding status of the child were the determinant factors.
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