Choosing Words Wisely


Climate Change
climate policy
International Environmental Laws/Conventions
International Treaties
International Environmental Law
International Cooperation
climate change mitigation
Funding Climate Projects
Contract law

How to Cite

Daisy, S. (2022). Choosing Words Wisely: Climate Agreements Viewed Through a Legal Contractual Framework. Columbia Journal of Environmental Law, 48(1), 41.


Climate finance has become a progressively indispensable consideration in the fight against climate change. Global agreements on climate mitigation and adaptation have changed over time to focus increasingly on the need for climate finance. Many commentators have considered whether climate agreements have been successful in allocating the necessary finance to mitigation and adaptation efforts. What changes can be made to the language of climate agreements to promote an efficient flow of funding to climate goals? This Note argues that we can use pre-existing legal frameworks to analyze and assess the progression of climate finance over the years. By analyzing the progression of climate finance provisions in global climate agreements based on legal frameworks grounded in principal-agent theories, governance principles, and contract law, this paper will show how adherence to these pre-existing legal frameworks may have enhanced the success (or lack thereof) in global climate finance.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Samantha Daisy