Longitudinal outcomes of simulation enhanced interprofessional education within a physical therapist education program

Main Article Content

Shala Cunningham
Alina Shockley
Jacqueline Toye
Sarah Hughes


Purpose: Simulation-enhanced interprofessional education (Sim-IPE) has been shown in cross-sectional studies to be beneficial in improving students’ perceptions of interprofessional teamwork and collaboration. However, there is limited literature regarding the progression of these perceptions over time. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the influence of multiple sim-IPE embedded across a physical therapy education program on student perceptions of collaborative patient care over a 2-year period.

Methods: A sample of convenience of students in an entry-level Doctor of Physical Therapy program (n = 94) was utilized. Students were placed in one of three groups with students completing either three sim-IPE experiences across the first 2 years of the program (n = 57), one simulation at the beginning of the program (n = 17), or one experience prior to their second full-time clinical experience (n = 20). The Interprofessional Socialization and Values Scale-21 (ISVS-21) was used to assess student perceptions of interprofessional collaboration. Scores across the program were analyzed using a Friedman analysis with a post hoc Wilcoxon matched pairs test. To assess the influence of maturation on student perceptions, performance on the ISVS-21 for students completing three experiences was compared with students completing one sim-IPE experience within the program.

Results: Overall, scores on the ISVS-21 demonstrated a statistically significant improvement across the three simulations occurring within the program (P < 0.001). Furthermore, students completing three sim-IPE experiences demonstrated statistically significantly higher scores on the ISVS-21 compared to students completing just one experience, regardless of the placement of the experience within the program.

Conclusion: Multiple sim-IPE performed across a professional education program may be an effective learning strategy to influence perceptions of interprofessional collaboration. Further research is needed to determine the number and placement of simulations for optimal preparation for interprofessional practice.


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Article Details

simulation, interprofessional education, physical therapy, interprofessional communication, interprofessional socialization, valuing scale
Original Research Articles
How to Cite
Cunningham, S., Shockley, A., Toye, J., & Hughes, S. . (2023). Longitudinal outcomes of simulation enhanced interprofessional education within a physical therapist education program. The Journal of Clinical Education in Physical Therapy, 5. https://doi.org/10.52214/jcept.v5.10960